Looking at the title makes you wonder if you are reading a scholarly article on interior design, or is it really what it says it is – making your room look amazing. But what about that Gestalt Principle? Well, even if the word seems big and confusing, you’ll be surprised at how simple and easy it is to follow.
For starters, the Gestalt Principle is a guide used by many design students whether they be web or interior designers. You can use the same principle to add some pizzazz to your apartment, even if you live in a small one.
Similarity and Symmetry
According to the Gestalt Principle, our brains look at individual elements as part of a group or pattern. As far as decorating your home goes, that means our brains process each room as a whole before it zeroes in on each individual element.
You can achieve this through symmetrical decors. Not only does it provide cohesiveness but balance as well. The similarity also allows the brain to identify each individual element much faster; thus, we always think that symmetrical things are more aesthetically pleasing.
As an application, use only one pattern in each room or in an open floor plan. For example, place three uniform bar stools to your kitchen island or a pair of nightstands in your bedroom. In fact, putting two similar sofas or chair on each side of your coffee or reading table exudes symmetry.
Continuity and Harmony
You don’t need to have an open floor plan to achieve continuity. You can still create a smooth flow from room to room by using a common theme or style. Before you start stressing yourself as to what theme or style to use, continuity and harmony do not necessarily mean that you will get the same design element. It does not even mean using the same colour in your entire house.
Continuity, on the other hand, means using design elements that complement each other, so they become a whole composition when you put them together. One of the easiest ways to achieve this is by utilizing the power of colour. For example, you can use three or four different colours with complementary shades and use them throughout the house.
The Importance of a Focal Point
According to the Gestalt Principle, the eye has a tendency to separate what it sees. Thus, when it looks at something, it automatically divides the figures from the background which, in turn, can be used to create something interesting.
In interior design, you use this principle by creating a focal point in the room. The focal point should dominate the whole room and should draw attention once you enter the room. Despite being the dominant factor in the room, it should not destroy the unity of the whole space. With that said, the focal point should be dominant but not raunchy. A mirror or a painting can be used as a focal point, but you can also use a piece of furniture or decor to create that unique statement.
Grouping for Proximity
A design is considered beautiful not only because of the symmetry but also the proximity of the elements. Proximity is a design characteristic that describes the close arrangement of objects to create a group. It makes the separate components into a single whole. When grouping, remember these points:
- Keep it odd – Grouping things in odd numbers is much better because it creates symmetry.
- Consider spatial composition – Always consider how much space you have to work on. Don’t overcrowd your space but design it like a vignette.
- Use progression composition – Make your grouping more interesting by putting together things that have different heights and sizes.
- Avoid clutter – Don’t overdo but keep everything simple and few.
- Experiment – Don’t be afraid to experiment, however. Add or remove objects until you create the perfect grouping.
Rhythm Makes Design Exciting
Design also has a rhythm and just like in music, it makes everything more exciting. In design, rhythm can be expressed by repetition, transition, or progression.
In repetition, you can repeat colours, patterns, or any other elements to create rhythm and, at the same time, keep the continuity.
Progression, on the other hand, is grouping elements together and playing with their sizes or heights. For example, placing candles of different sizes together or vases in varying heights. You can also use colour by using the same hue in different shades.
Transition is a bit complicated, but the idea is to create a seamless flow from one element to another. It’s the use of different lines that subtly brings contrast to a room. For example, a round table and tall square stools – one is curvy, and the others are straight. When you bring them together, it produces beautiful asymmetry.
Is it interesting to know that there is a psychology behind design? You’ll be even more amazed if you put these principles into practice. You don’t have to be a professional, just take our tips and see the difference it can make in your space.